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焚烧炉使用中的4个常见错误及其它
已阅:2618  2017/4/24

 

1         燃烧前的准备

1.1 充沛蒸腾污油中的水分

    也许很多人都以为工业废气燃烧炉能否在7级(独自燃烧污油)安稳燃烧,很大程度上取决于污油的质量,而通过咱们重复实习证明,只需污油中不含过多水份,安稳7级燃烧就没有问题,与污油质量好坏影响不大。所以燃烧前污油中水份的充沛蒸腾尤为重要。

    wuyouzaicangdioil residue tankzhong,jianchishidujiare,wanchengyouheshuidekaiduanfenli,bozhiranshaoluwuyoujuzhongzhengqijiarekaizhizuida,jiarewuyouwenduzhi95-100℃,kemei24xiaoshizhengtengshuifen400-500sheng。jiaruzhengqikaidutaixiao,wuyoujiarewendushangbuqu,zhengtengdabudaobaofuzuoyong,jiyingxiangwuyoushuidechulisuduyeyingxianghoubianwuyoudeanwenranshao。

1.2  几个运转参数的从头设定及修正

    ①zaiprogram  select manual  controlcaidanzhongdesludge  onlybidingyaoxuanzeyes,biaoshidayingduziranshaowuyou(7ji)。

    ②shuruerjianma1369jinruchuchangcanshushedingcaidan,xiuzhengfactory settingzhongdeauto  fact. weioff. jirenhecanshuxiuzheng10fenzhongyihoubuhuizhudongkangfu。jiarucixiangshedingweion,yiqiecanshuxiuzhengzai10fenzhongyihouxishuzhudongkangfuweichuchangcanshushedingzhuangtai。

    ③wuyouchulidezuidiwendushedingsltn, chuchangsheding80℃,cicanshuxuqiubuduanxiuzheng,youyugangkaiduanwuyoumeiyoupenfa,wenduchuanganqikantandejishihuanjingwendu,suoyigangkaiduannenggoujiangsltngaiwei30℃,rangwuyouranshaoyikeyebudenghou。genzhecaokongpingshangxianxiandewuyouwendudeshangsheng,bushixiuzhengcicanshu,rangranshaojinchengbubaojingbuxihuo,zhizhiwuyouwenduxianxiananwenzai80sheshidushitingzhi。keshijiaruwuyoujumeiyoujiarewuyouwendumeiyoudaoda80℃,qiebukeyongxiuzhengcicanshudebanfaertizaoranshaowuyou.youyuwuyouwendudabudao80℃ertizaopenrulutang,jiyingxiangpenfayingxiangwuhua,yehuishiranshaobuchedifashengwuranwu.

    chushangshusandianyiwai,qitacanshunenggoubuyongxiuzheng。dangrancaozuoxianshule,yenenggouyijushijizhuangkuangduibiedecanshujinxingqiadangxiuzheng,mudeshirang7jidaodazhiqiandejinchengjinliangduanyijinliangjieyueqingyou,rangranshaojinchengjixuanwenbubaojingbuxihuo。ranshaoluchaiyouju400shengtongchangranshaoshijiciwuyoumeiyouwenti,qingyouhaofeishaoleranshaochengbenjiuhendi。

1.3 燃烧前最佳进行的几项维修作业

    ①chanchulutangneibucancunluhui,chakanlutangneibinaihuozhuanbiaomianwuque。ranshaolulutanggongfengfengshanzuoluoranshaoludibu,tongguolutangneibuzuixiafangsigekouxianglutanggongfeng,feiwutianchongguoduo,luhuiguoduo,douhuizusaijinfengkou。

    ②chaijianqingtongwuyouguanlu。jiliangbengchukouzhipenyouzuizhijianshezhileliangzhiqidongfa,qidongfayoucaokongkongqifankai,faxinmifengcailiaoweixiangjiao,xiangjiaozaijiaogaoyouwenxiahenrongyibianxing,wuyoulengquehouzhandubiandahuizhishifaxinkaiduguoxiaonaizhichedidabukai,wuyouzhongdefeiwuyehenrongyizaicichugouchengzusai,suoyiliangzhiqidongfazairanshaoqianyingdangchaijian。wuyoupenzuiyeshixiangtong,wuyouhefeiwuzusaihouwufazhengchangpenfa,ranshaoqianyingyuyiqingtong。

    ③ranshaoqiantingzhiwuyouzhengqijiare,dailengquezhi80℃,qidongwuyoubengchongpeixunhuan。wuyouwenduguogaoduiwuyoubeng、jiliangbeng、qidongfadenglishushebeiyunzhuanhuiqi。

2         污油燃烧进程

    anxiasludgeanjian,yijuxianxianpingxianxiandewuyouwendushezhisltn,yikebudenghou,paiyandangbanzhudongguanbi,ranshaolukaiduanranshao。cong3jikaiduanranshao,zailiangzhichaiyoupenzuiyitongzuoyexia,lutangwenduxunsushangsheng。zhi650℃,zhuan4ji,wuyoujiliangbengfadong,youchaiyoupenzui1hewuyouyitongzuoye。jiliangbengchushizhuansushedingtongchangshi320rmp,buyixiuzheng,buyirenweitianjiajiliangbengzhuansuertizaojiadawuyoupenruliang。wuyoukaiduanpenfahou,xianxianpingwuyouwenduyingxunsushangsheng,yingbuduanxiuzhengsltn,zhizhianwenzai80℃zuoyou。jiaruwuyouwenduxianxianmeiyougaibian,chanmingpenfashouzu,jiliangbengganzhuan,yinglijitingjichakan。4jiranshaoanwen,ranshaocaokongqiyijulutangwendugaibianzhudongtianjiajiliangbengzhuansu,erjianjianjiadawuyoupenruliang。lutangwendujixushangsheng,ranshaocaokongqihuihenkuaizhuanzhi5ji,jichaiyoupenzui2hewuyoupenzuiyitongzuoye。5jiranshaoanwen,lutangwendujixushangsheng,zhi850℃,zhuan7ji,duziranshaowuyou。keshijiaru5jiranshaobushunchang,lutangwendubunengjixushangsheng,zezhuanzhi6ji,chaiyoupenzui1he2hewuyoupenzuiyitongzuoye。jiarulutangwendujiangzhi640℃,zhuanzhi3ji。rucixunhuan,zeranshaobushunchang,huizaotaguoduoqingyou。ranshaoyou5jilutangwendutianjiazhi850℃,zhudongzhi7jiranshao,zheishibaofuranshaojinchengyeshizaicaozuoxianshuyihoudezhengchangranshaojincheng。

    zaiwuyouranshaoshiqi,yingyouzhuanrenbudingqichakanranshaolulutangwendu,yanqiwendu,jiliangbengzhuansu,lutangfuya,wuhuakongqiyalidengzhuyaocanshujiranshaoluzhouweizhuangkuang,quebaoranshaoshunchang,ranshaoanquan!

    yexuhenduorenhuiyiweijishiwuyouranshaojiuhuinongyangungun,wuranyanjun,qishiburan,ranshaoluyanghuzhengchang,ranshaoquanchengyingdanghezhufujipaiyanxiangtongjianzhiwukejianyan。jiaruchengxiannongyan,yexuwuyoupenfaguoduo,yexupaiyandangbanfanchang,yexujinfengkouzusaidengdeng,junyingtingluchakan。

3     多见毛病及因素剖析

①huoyanmaobingbaojing

huoyanmaobingjiarufashengzairanshaokaiduanshiheqingyouranshaoqijian,yexushichaiyoujuyouweiguodi,chaiyouzhongfuhanshuifen,chaiyouxitongfamenweizhengchangfankai,ranshaodianjimaobing,qingyoupenzuifanchang,guangmindianzuzangwu,paiyandangbanwufazhudongzhengchangdongzuodengdeng。

huoyanmaobingjiarufashengzaiwuyouranshaoqijian,youqishigangzhuan7jishi,duobanshiwuyouzhongyiranfuhanguoduoshuifen,dangranyeyexuwuyouzhiliangtaichawuyouhuoyanqiangduquefa,nenggouqiadangdiaogaowuyoujinjiliangbengyali(wuyoujuyuanju1bar)qiadangtianjiajiliangbengzhuansuyizengqiangwuyouhuoyanqiangdu。keshizaizanmendeshixicaozuozhong,wuyouranshaoshibushishunchangguanjianrengshiqujueyuwuyouzhongsuohanshuifenduoshao,eryuwuyouzhiliangyingxiangbuda。wuyouzhilianghao,ranshaoxunsu,lutangwendutianjiajiaokuai,jiarulutangwenduaijingaowenbaojingzhi,yingdangqiadangdiaodiwuyoujinkouyalihejiliangbengzhuansu。jiaruwuyouzhiliangqianhao,ranshaoshilutangwendujixuxiajiang,qiadangtianjiawuyouyalihejiliangbengzhuansu,jianchilutangwenduanwenzaicctsoyishang。

②yanqiwendugao(375℃)huolutangwendugao(1200℃)baojingertinglu。yinsuyexuyousi;⑴ranshaogutifeiwushitianchonggutifeiwutaiduo。⑵ranshaowuyoushiwuyoupenfaliangtaida,qiadangxiajiangwuyouyalihuojiliangbengzhuansu。⑶lutangjinfengliangtaixiao,jinfengfengshanfanchanghuojinfengkouzusai。⑷paiyandangbanhuopaiyanfengjifanchang。

③wuyoupenzuiwuhuaqianhao,ranshaoqianhao,lutangneijietanyanjun,yexushiwuyoupenzuizangdu,wuyouyaliguodihuoxuwuhuakongqiquefa。

     ④ranshaoshihuoyanbuanwen,ranshaoluhongdongda。yexuyinsushiwuyoupenfabuanwen,paiyantongdaojietanzangdu,paiyanfengjihuodangbanfanchang,lutangjinfengzusai,fengjiyepianzangwuzhouchengsunhuaidengdeng。

4         燃烧污油时几个多见的错误做法

    ①kaiduanranshaowuyoudelutangwendutongchangshezhizai650℃,duziranshaowuyou850℃。rangranshaoluzhudongranshaojianjianranshaozhi850℃,zheigejinchenghuihenmianzhang,huizaotaqingyou。jiaruzairanshaolukaiduanranshaoshi,bushidetourushaoshuhanyoumianshadenggutifeiwu,jiranglutangwenduxunsushangshengyoushundairanshaolegutifeiwu。danzheishiyanjunweibeiranshaolucaozuoguizede。gutifeiwuranshaoyingdangzaisolid wastefangshixiazhudongranshao,caiganwanchenggutifeiwudechedichongpeiranshao.

    ②zaisludgefangshixiayunzhuan,lutangwendudaodazhi650℃,zhuan4ji,wuyoujiliangbengfadong,youchaiyoupenzui1hewuyouyitongzuoye。jiliangbengchushizhuansushedingtongchangshi320rmp,weiwanchenglutangwendujixuxunsuzengzhangerrenweitianjiajiliangbengzhuansu,tizaojiadawuyoupenruliang,zheiyeshiyanjunweibeiranshaolucaozuoguizede。wuyoudepenruliangyingdangyijulutangwendudejixushangshengerzhudonghuanmantianjia,congerwanchengwuyoudechedichongpeiranshao,fangzhiyinranshaoerfashengkongqiwuran。

    ③guanyujielianjinliaoxingranshaolu,lutangwendudiyu850℃shi,bugaijixutianrugutifeiwu。duojiancuowuzuofashizhixulutangneifeiwuzaijixuranshaojiubuduantianrufeiwu。ranshaolucaozuorenyuanyingdangtongguozhuanyepeixun,caozuoyaoguifanhexianshu,ranshaolujishiranshaowuranwu,jiubugaidangfashengxindewuranwu.

    ④marpoltiaoyueguanyufenpijinliaodechuanshangranshaoluyouyixiangguize:gaishebeiyingguihuachengqiranshaoshiqitichukoudewenduzaifadonghou5fenzhongneidaoda600℃。zheiyitiaozaishijishiyongzhongtongchangdabudao,keshizheiyitiaoqueyijingchengweilehenduoguojiapscdeyichaxiangmu,qingzefakuan,zhongzetingliu。

    guanyuzheiyixiangdechakan,zanmentongchangyoulianggewuqu。bangshou、anxiasludgefangshi,ranshaoluranshao,kaiduanshuangchaiyouqiangranshao,5fenzhongneidabudao600℃,zanmendecuowuzuofashiwanglutangneitianrushidanggutifeiwu,huoxurenweitianjiajiliangbengzhuansu,zheinenggoushilutangwenduxunsushangsheng,keshizheishicuoshangjiacuo,rangchakanguanfaxiangengshiwufajieshuoerjiajufakuan。dier、nanjingzhongchuanlvdihuanbaoyouxiangongsicengjiucixiangxuanbuguoyigejieshuoshengming,5fenzhongdaoda600℃gaixiangshiyanshizaishebeiqingqiufangshishiyanshisuozuodexiangmu,taxuqiubidingdeshiyantiaojian,liruduizhangliangdian(luhouzhuanzhongxinweixiafang)yijiredianoudeleixing(tongchangweijinshukaizhuang)douyouyanlideqingqiu。xianshebeishangzhuangzhidelutangredianouweitaocifengzhuang,taocijuyougerexing,suocewenduyoubidingdezhihou,qiezhuangzhifangweiyefeijingquedezhangliangdian,yinerxianshebeishangdelutangredianoubingbushiyongyugaixiangshiyan。yingduigaixiangpscchakanzanmenchedinenggouchujushebeichangjiadejishuchanming.。

    yizhaozanmendejingli,zaixianyoutiaojianxia,5fenzhongdaoda600℃yeshinenggouwanchengde。bangshoubu、jinyexudiaogaochaiyoupenfayali,nenggoudiaodao18barzuoyou。dier、liangzhichaiyoupenzui,,yijinjin4.5gph,lingyijinjin2.5gph,nenggoudouhuancheng4.5gph。jianchiranshaoluzhengchangdeweixiuyanghu,tongchangzhuangkuangxia,zuodaolebangshoubuhedierbu,5fenzhongzuoyoudaoda600℃



 
 
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